Brief HistoryExhibits

year/month Timeline
1964/02 Hitachi & Japan Railroad developed the seat-reservation system, MARS 101
1964/04 NEC announced an economical small computer, NEAC-2200
【World】 IBM announced System/360 with a unified architecture for all model sizes
1964/05 Fujitsu announced a medium (scale) general purpose computer, FACOM 230(later renamed to FACOM 230-30)
1964/06 NEC completed the basic unit of the NEAC-L2, which utilized the new concept of current-switched high-speed circuitry
1964/09 Hitachi developed HITAC 5020, the first large general purpose computer in Japan
1964/10 Toshiba developed a digital scientific computer(micro -programming), TOSBAC 3400 with Univ. of Kyoto
Toshiba made a contract of technological support by GE
1964/11 Electric Computer Technology Research Association developed a very large computer, FONTAC
1965/01 Fujitsu announced FACOM 270 series which was developed specifically for scientific and engineering computing and real-time control processing
1965/03 ETL developed the large transistor-computer, ETL Mark VI
1965/05 【Mitsui Bank】Online banking system
1965/05 NEC announced NEAC series 2200, which was the first one-machine-concept model in Japan
Bank of Mitsui began to operate the online-banking system
1965/09 Hitachi announced medium and large, general purpose computer, HITAC 8000 series
1965/11 Toshiba announced a digital business-computer (micro-programming), TOSBAC-5100
【World】MIT, Bell Lab, and General Electric announced MULTICS, a time-sharing operating system for mainframes
1965/12 Hitachi Announced the HITAC-8100 small business computer.
1966/01 Mitsubishi Electric announced a family-concept computer, MELCOM3100 series
1966/08 Hitachi announced HITAC 8210, the medium-scale, general purpose computer using integrated circuits
1966/10 Establishment of Japan Software (joint investment by NEC, Hitachi, and Fujitsu)
1966/10 NEC developed NEAC series 2200 model 500, a large scale general purpose computer which used IC's in full scale first in Japan.
Japan Software Co.Ltd. was established by NEC, Hitachi and Fujitsu
1966/12 Launch of the large ultra-high-performance computer development project
1966/12 Oki-Univac Co., Ltd. developed OUK9400, adopted the disk operating system, builded with integrated circuits
VHSCS(Very High Speed Computer System)project started
1967/09 Mitsubishi Electric developed a scientific online computer, MELCOM 9100 system group 30
1968/01 Osaka Univ. began to operate the time sharing system, MAC system first in Japan
【World】IBM developed IBM S/360 model 85(the first cache memory model)
1968/03 Fujitsu developed a large general purpose computer, FACOM 230-60 using integrated circuits(supporting multiprocessor system)
1968/08 Fujitsu announced a medium and large scale general purpose computer built with integrated circuits, FACOM 230-25, 35 and 45
1968/10 NTT made a trial experiment of cooperative use of TSS by DIPS-0 multi processor
1968/11 NEC announced a very large TSS computer, NEAC series 2200 model 700
【World】 IBM developed the database management software called IMS
【World】 IBM announced software unbundling
1969/04 NTT, NEC, Hitachi and Fujitsu began to do cooperative research about the large data-communication computer, DIPS-1
【World】 The U.S. DoD Advanced Research Projects Agency built the ARPANET, the precursor of the Internet.
【World】 CODASYL published the language specification standard for the network database model
1970/02 Toshiba developed TOSBAC-5600/10, 30, 50 which were domesticative model of GE 600series
1970/04 Mitsubishi Electric announced a large-scale computer, MELCOM 7000 series based on XDS's technology
【World】GE withdrew from the computer business
1970/06 Fujitsu developed a very large, general purpose computer, FACOM 230-75
1970/11 Hitachi announced HITAC 8700, a very large general purpose computer, based on the national project, VHSCS
【World】 IBM announced System/370, which maintained backward compatible with the previous System/360, with some models adopting IC components for the main memory unit
【World】 Edgar F. Codd (IBM) proposed the relational model for database management
【World】RCA withdrew from the computer business
1971/10 NEC announced NEAC series 2200 model 375, 575, which adapted to an online real time transaction
1971  Hitachi announced a middel range, general purpose computer, HITAC 8350, 8450 with more price/performance ratio than HITAC 8000 series
1972/03 Japanese three R&D groups (Fujitsu-Hitachi, NEC-Toshiba, Mitsubishi-Oki) submitted a new computer development plan to MITI
1972/07 Hitachi announced HITAC 8250, a mid-range general purpose computer using MSI and IC memory for faster speeds and a smaller footprint.
【World】IBM announced S/370 model 158, 168(virtual memory system)
【World】 IBM added multiprocessor architectures to S/370 model 158 and model 168
1973/08 Fujitsu announced a general purpose computer with a virtual memory architecture, FACOM 230-8 series
1974 Second online banking movement
1974/05 Mitsubishi Electric & Oki announced the large computer, COSMO series
1974/05 NEC & Toshiba announced ACOS series 77 system 200, 300, 400, 500
【World】 IBM announced its computer network architecture, SNA
1974/11 Fujitsu & Hitachi announced a general purpose computer, M series
1974/11 NEC & Toshiba announced ACOS series 77 system 600, 700
The Second Bank Online began to operate
【World】 IBM announced IBM System/3 for small businesses
【World】 IBM announced IBM System/32 for small businesses that came with application software
1975/05 Mitsubishi Electric & Oki announced a middle range computer, COSMO series model 500
【World】 Amdahl shipped the very first IBM-compatible 470V/6 machine (produced by Fujitsu) to NASA
1975/09 NTT developed DIPS-11/10 series aimed at expansion of an application domain
【World】 IBM announced the midrange IBM 3033 model as part of the System/370 series
1977/04 NTT, NEC, Hitachi, Fujitsu, and Oki Electric Industry started joint research of data-communications network architecture ( DCNA ) which realizes mutual use of the resources between different-types of computers
1978/01 Establishment of JIS C 6226 — Code of the Japanese Graphic Character Set for Information Interchange
1978/01 Fujitsu announced the world-largest and fastest, very large general purpose computer, FACOM M-200
1978/09 Hitachi announced the world-fastest, very large, general purpose computer, HITAC M-200H
【World】 IBM announced System/38, which used a single level of memory
JIS Japanese character code was made
【World】 IBM announced the midrange mainframe IBM 4300 series, a part of the System/370 series
1979/02 NEC announced a small computer, ACOS system 250, which could do processing at multi dimention
1979/04 Fujitsu announced a middle range, general purpose computer, FACOM M-130F, 140F, 150F and 160F
1979/04 Fujitsu announced JEF(Japanese Processing Extended Feature)
1979/06 Hitachi announced a middle range, general purpose computer, HITAC M-160H, 150H and 140H
1979/12 NTT developed the DIPS-11/5 series, which reached the top-level performance in the world at that time
1979/12 Mitsubishi Electric announced the high-end model of COSMO series, model 900 II
1979  Mitsubishi Electric announced the middle-range computer COSMO 700 series and COSMO 800 series oriented for interactive and distributed processing
【World】NAS announced the IBM-compatible AS9000 (manufactured by Hitachi)
1980/09 NEC announced ACOS system 1000, a general purpose computer with the highest speed in the world.
1981/02 Hitachi announced the M-200 series which was enhanced model of M series
1981/05 Fujitsu announced a very large, general purpose computer, FACOM M-380 and 382
【World】 IBM announced the 3081K based on the 370/XA architecture that expanded the address space to 31 bits
World — IBM created a large general-purpose mainframe 308X series, with the 3084 as the advanced model of the 3081 and the 3083 as the advanced model of the 3081
1983/01 Hitachi announced HITAC L series for OA system
1983/04 NEC announced a small computer for total OA system, ACOS system 410
1983/11 NTT developed a small machine, DIPS-V series which adopted the 20k gate CMOS-VLSI
【World】 IBM shipped the small System/36 computer
1985/01 Mitsubishi Electric announced a general purpose computer, MELCOM EX series
1985/02 NEC announced the world-largest and fastest general purpose computer, ACOS system 1500 series
1985/03 Hitachi announced M-600 series ( M-68X, M-66X, M-620/630/640 ) which was succesor machine of M-200
1985/09 NTT developed the large-scale highly reliable computer system, DIPS-11/5E series adopting 100Mbps optical-fiber loop complex configuration
1985/11 NTT developed the small DIPS-V Enhanced series to enlarge the performance range
1985/11 Fujitsu announced the world-fastest, very large computer, FACOM M-780
1985  MITI began the Sigma System Project for impoving software development efficiently
1986/02 NEC announced the largest and fastest general purpose computer, ACOS system 2000 series
1987/07 NEC announced a small-scale general-purpose computer ACOS system 3300, which realized compactness by employing 3 dimentional packaging using a SIM (Single Inline memory Module) with memory chips surface-mounted on both sides.
【World】IBM announced the AS/400 business processing computer
1988  NTT developed the DIPS database processing equipment (RINDA) which accelerated 2 figures of data search processings
1988  NTT, IBM, DEC, NEC, Hitachi and Fujitsu started a joint research of Multivendor Integration Architecture ( MIA ) Which prescribes NTT general-purpose computer procurement specifications
1990/06 Hitachi announced M-880 processor group, a very large, general purpose computer with the highest speed in the world.
1990/07 NEC announced ACOS system 3800, a general purpose computer with the highest speed in the world.
1990/09 Fujitsu announced the world-fastest, very large general purpose computer, FUJITSU M-1800 model
【World】 IBM announced System/390 based on the ESA/390 architecture consisting of a product line centering on the ES/9000 processor family
1990  NTT developed DIPS-11/5EX series which was the successor of 5E series
1991/04 Mitsubishi Electric announced the MELCOM EX900 series of large mainframe computers in partnership with IBM Japan
1991/12 Hitachi announced the HITAC M-840 group of compact and mid-range mainframe computers with PC database server functions for end users
1992/02 Hitachi announced the HITAC M-860 group that acted as total management servers
1994/05 Fujitsu announced the new M-1000 series of global servers designed for the client-server age
1994/05 NEC rolled out the Parallel ACOS series, including the AX7300 line of compact mainframes, the PX7500 line of mid-sized mainframes, in July, and the PX7800 line of large and very-large mainframes, in December
1995/04 Hitachi announced the MP5800 high-end enterprise servers, featuring bipolar-CMOS LSI technology (ACE)
1995/05 Fujitsu announced the global server GS8000 series, which used standard CMOS processors in large mainframes
1996/03 NEC began selling the Parallel ACOS PX7900 mainframes, which could be equipped with as many as 32 single-chip CMOS processors
1998/01 Fujitsu announced the GS8800 model group, the top-end model group from the GS8000 series, featuring very-high-density MCMs
1998/04 NEC began selling the Parallel ACOS series PX7800SV and the PX7600SV lines, which could be equipped with as many as 32 NOAH-4 CMOS processors
1999/10 Hitachi announced the MP6000 high-end enterprise servers, featuring ACE2 technology
2000/05 Fujitsu announced the PRIMEFORCE line, a hybrid configuration between a mainframe and an open platform
2000/05 NEC began selling the Parallel ACOS i-PX7300 line, which ran on the Pentium III Xeon processor through emulation