Completed in October 1981, the FACOM 6421 was a magnetic disk unit from Fujitsu which used small diameter media with a diameter of 10.5 inches first in the world.
This magnetic disk unit integrated technologies developed by Fujitsu over many years. It miniaturized everything -- the media, the disk access head, head positioning mechanism and spindle drive mechanism -- and used a revolutionary integrated DE (Disk Enclosure). This structure revolutionized design concepts for magnetic disks, and had a worldwide impact. The unit had the following features:
- 1) It achieved greatly increased surface recording density (2.8 times Fujitsu's previous value) and a high memory capacity of 1.78Gbyte per the unit (due to being equipped with 4 DEs, each with 446Mbyte).
- 2) It achieved high-speed data transfer (1.859Mbyte/s) and high-speed access time (average positioning time: 18ms, average rotational delay: 7.6ms)
- 3) It achieved higher reliability by using a compact DE (Disk Enclosure) structure which sealed the head/media section more perfectly than previous equipment.
The FACOM 6421 came in 3 types: model A equipped with one adapter for connecting with a controller, model C with two adapters, and model B with no adapter.
For these three types, there were also models A4F, B4F and C4F with a fixed disk access head. With the fixed head, the head positioning time is zero, and data can be accessed with the rotational delay only. This made it possible to use part of the disk volume like a high-speed magnetic drum.
This unit also had two operation modes: a native mode, and a FACOM 493 compatible mode for easing transition from the previous FACOM 493 magnetic disk unit.
|Completion date||October 1981|
|Operation modes||Native modes||FACOM 493compatible modes|
|Number of cylinders||833 + 7(Alternate) + 1(CE)||555 + 5(Alternate) + 1(CE)|
|Number of heads||20||30|
|Fixed head capacity||1.607Mbyte(FACOM 6421A4F/B4F/C4F)||1.144Mbyte(FACOM 6421A4F/B4F/C4F)|
|Positioning time||Average18ms(Max. 35 ms,Min. 5ms)|
|Average rotational delay||7.6ms|
|Data transfer speed||1.859Mbyte/s|
|Unit||Number of installed DEs||4|
|Connected system||FACOM M-100/300 Series|